A silent revolution in teacher development is underway for the last three decades in Pakistan through various reform initiatives including: changes taking place in teacher preparation programmes; performancebased approaches to licensing and accreditation being reconsidered; and establishment of National Accreditation Council for Teacher
Education (NACTE) for ensuring quality of teacher education programmes. Read More
Curriculum is the main course of action that can ensure the supply of effective and efficient human resource for the development of a nation and a progressive society. Textbooks are the visible, tangible and practical manifestation of the curriculum. These are designed to teach students what the educators believe must be taught. Textbook development and evaluation has always been the subject of debate in Pakistan, due to a variety of reasons.
School teachers in the role of leaders interact directly with the students to develop their cognition for a desired outcome. At the same time they also form caring relationships with them, not only to guide them academically but also as mentors socially and spiritually. By and large students also possess certain capacity and motivation for their own learning. This capacity to a large extent is also influenced by teacher’s role in the classroom. Three factors have major influence to shape the effectiveness of a classroom: Learning outcomes, care and motivation. Read More
Advancement in science and technology, and other emerging trends in the world are resulted in curriculum reforms. These reforms have resulted not only on the contents of the textbooks but also on its presentation. The core source of learning which has always been popular internationally is the textbook. The major concern relative to the textbook is the quality of its content and the quality of its presentation. Read More
Role of textbook in any education system can not be ignored. Quality of textbook has always been a major cause concern in any country. Like many other countries, in Pakistan, textbook evaluation is being done through a regulatory body at Federal level, called Curriculum Wing (CW), Ministry of Education. CW approves textbooks after necessary review and evaluation. This study explores, to what extent the approved books have harmony among them with respect to basic characteristics of textbook and how qualification, experience and nature of job in education department affect the evaluation. Read More
Punjab is the largest province of Pakistan with a population of more than 80 million— about 60% of the total population of the country. There are more than 63 thousand schools with approximately 325 thousand teachers. Following the educational reforms in Pakistan, the Government of Punjab has taken a number of new initiatives for teacher education (in-service and pre-service) in order to improve the quality of teachers’ performance in government sector at primary, elementary and secondary levels. Read More